Ener-Tec, Inc. has many LKC Systems installed in the steel mills for the removal and prevention of scale in cooling towers, water-cooled air compressors, process water, cupolas, etc.

US Steel discovered that the section of the plant using the Ener-Tec LKC System was not only free of scale but was also free of Zebra Mussels as well, while the rest of the plant was still experiencing the zebra mussel problems.

This initiated test projects that confirmed that the LKC System does eliminate zebra mussels by preventing calcium carbonate lattice structure formation, which is the foundation for the zebra mussel to build its shell. Without the shell, the zebra mussel cannot survive the environment surrounding its body. It simply dies from exposure.

Live mussels were placed in containment trays and exposed to treated and untreated water. The controlled tests using LKC treated water showed a drastic decrease in zebra mussel weight due to shell weight loss.

Shell weight loss is based on the same principle as removing scale in water lines. The polarization of the water molecules reduces the energy level within the water. Water molecules penetrate the calcium carbonate, breaking the molecular bond that holds the shell intact, resulting in the destruction of the shell.

Please contact us with any questions you may have.


Linear Kinetic Cells are available for out of water or underwater installations. Many sizes are in stock and ready for immediate shipment. Those that are not in stock will generally have approximately a one week shipment time.


Chemical treatment requires continuous monitoring, adjusting feed, servicing of feed equipment, handling, and extensive water testing required to maintain proper water chemistry. The LKC System is self monitoring and requires no maintenance.


Safety is the most feared part of using chemical treatment in water systems. There have been many cases of severely burned hands, arms, and faces of persons handling chemicals. The LKC System requires no chemicals. Places to use: The LKC System can be used in any water system. The places of use range from up to 24" main water intakes, to actually putting the cell into a process water pipe line as small as ½”. The LKC System works in any size water system no matter what the size. Each system is designed to fit the need.


The LKC System requires little room for installation since the entire cell is placed directly into the water line, requiring only electrical service. Continuous Treatment: The LKC system operates automatically, 24 hours a day with no assistance or monitoring.


You can normally own an LKC System for less than it costs to operate a chemical system for one year. OEM Services: Ener-Tec, Inc. maintains a qualified engineering staff experienced in assisting staff engineers in solving their scale control problems.

Companies Trust Ener-Tec to Keep Their Pipes Scale Free

  • Inland Steel
  • LTV Steel
  • Amp Corp.
  • Ebco Metal Finishing
  • Racine Plating
  • Plastics Engineering
  • Asama Foundry
  • Tyco
  • Martin Engineering
  • Viam
  • Koch Materials
  • U.S. Gypsum Co.
  • Braddock Heat Treat
  • Dalton Corp.
  • Cryovac
  • Oxford Automotive
  • Plus thousands more
Back to Top